What Increases Your Risk
You are at increased risk for having bunions if you:
- Are female. Women are much more likely than men to get bunions.
- Wear shoes that are too tight or narrow, too small, or high-heeled.
- Have abnormal rolling inward of the foot while walking (excessive pronation).
- Have a family history of bunions.
- Have rheumatoid arthritis, which can cause swelling and deformity around the big toe joint (and other joints).
- Have gout, a form of arthritis that often occurs in the big toe joint.
- Have a job or hobby (such as running) that places considerable stress on the foot.
- Have flatfoot or low arches.